In several countries of the Basilicata is cultivated the Aglianico vineyardimported in very ancient times - sixth century BC - from Greece, as the name clearly indicates: the word aglianico is in fact a dialectal corruption of Hellenic.
It provides a lively-foamed red wine with the right alcohol content, savoury, full-bodied, with a subtle aroma of strawberry and raspberry. Overall, it resembles Piedmontese Barberawhich suggests the descent of the two grape varieties from the same stock, it is also called the Barolo of the South for its resemblance to Barolo.
The best Aglianico comes from vineyards planted on the slopes of Vulture, an isolated extinct volcano on the Adriatic side of the Lucanian Apennines. As soon as it is racked it is for eating, maturing it becomes roast.
Its flavour can be dry or sweet, but with age it tends to lose its sweetness.
Finally, there is a sparkling Aglianicosuitable for second canteens. Also on the slopes of the Vulture Malvasia and Muscat vines grow, yielding two delicate end-of-table products.
In the countryside of Ruoti we find the Campania Asprinio. Among the wine-growing countries of the Basilicata there is Venosa, home of the Latin poet Horace.